One of Italy's most historic holiday destinations, Taormina is a picturesque small town perched on a slope high above the Ionian Sea on the eastern coast of Sicily. Taormina dominates two grand, sweeping bays below and on the southern side, the top of Mount Etna, the European highest active volcano, often capped with snow, offering to the visitors a breathtaking, dramatic and memorable view. Close to the site of one of the earliest colonies founded by the Ancient Greeks in Sicily, Taormina became a thriving Greek and then Roman town. The size and elegance of the town cathedral and many of its buildings are evidence of Taormina's moderate prosperity over the centuries. By the end of the 19th century, this picturesque and ancient town was already on the tourist trail, with famous visitors including Oscar Wilde, Richard Wagner, and Tsar Nicholas II. Over the last decades, travelers have come for the views, the ancient ruins, the seaside, the town's film festival, an outdoor theatre season, the fine food and more.